The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
The ADA prohibits discrimination on the basis of disability in employment, state and local government practices, access to public accommodations, and commercial facilities, access to public transportation, and access to telecommunications.
A person is considered to be qualified for programs, activities, and services if the individual meets the basic eligibility requirements for participation in programs and activities, or for receiving services. This means, for example, that a student admitted to MU meets the basic qualification requirement.
For purposes of employment, an individual is considered to be qualified if the person is able to perform the essential functions of the job with or without reasonable accommodation.
ADA Title I: Employment
Title I of the ADA requires MU to provide qualified persons with disabilities an equal opportunity to benefit from the full range of employment-related opportunities available to others. For example, it prohibits discrimination in recruitment, hiring, promotions, training, pay, participation in employer sponsored social activities, and other conditions and privileges of employment. It restricts questions that can be asked about an applicant's disability before a job offer is made, and it requires that employers make reasonable accommodation to the known physical or mental limitations of otherwise qualified individuals with disabilities, unless it results in undue hardship.
ADA Title II: State and Local Government Activities
Title II covers all activities of state and local governments (including MU as a state university) regardless of the government entity's size or receipt of Federal funding. Title II requires that state and local governments provide people with disabilities an equal opportunity to benefit from all of their programs, services, and activities (e.g. public education, employment, transportation, recreation, health care, social services, courts, voting, and town meetings).
State and local governments are required to follow specific architectural standards in new construction and alteration of their buildings. They also must relocate programs or otherwise provide access in inaccessible older buildings, and communicate effectively with people who have hearing, vision, or speech disabilities. Public entities are not required to take actions that would result in undue financial and administrative burdens. They are required to make reasonable modifications to policies, practices, and procedures where necessary to avoid discrimination, unless they can demonstrate that doing so would fundamentally alter the nature of the service, program, or activity being provided.